兔螨病的临床症状及防治方法

发布日期:2022-08-24 来源: 发布人:xinhuachang

在兔子养殖过程中,兔子会因为很多原因而发生各种各样的皮肤病,兔螨病就是一种比较常见的皮肤病。很多新手养兔户都问过兔螨病有什么症状?用什么药好?下面蒙阴长毛兔养殖厂家来讲讲兔螨病的防治方法吧。
In the process of rabbit breeding, rabbits will suffer from various skin diseases for many reasons. Rabbit acariasis is a common skin disease. Many novice rabbit owners have asked what are the symptoms of rabbit mite disease? What medicine should I take? Let's talk about the prevention and treatment of rabbit mite disease from Mengyin long hair rabbit breeding factory.
兔螨病又称疥螨病、疥癣病,通常是由痒螨、毛螨及疥螨等螨虫寄生在兔子体表或真皮而引起的一种高度接触性慢性体外寄生虫病。不同年龄段的兔子均可感染本病,但幼兔比成年兔易感性强,发病严重。
Rabbit acariasis, also known as scabies and scabies, is a highly contact chronic ectoparasitic disease caused by mites such as itchy mite, hairy mite and scabies parasitizing on the body surface or dermis of rabbits. Rabbits of different ages can be infected with the disease, but the young rabbits are more susceptible than the adult rabbits, and the disease is serious.
兔螨病主要通过健康兔和病兔接触而感染传播,亦可通过兔笼、饲槽、其他用具及饲养人员而间接传播。通风不良,光照不足及阴雨潮湿的季节较容易发病。
Rabbit acariasis is mainly transmitted through contact between healthy rabbits and sick rabbits, and can also be indirectly transmitted through rabbit cages, feeding troughs, other appliances and breeders. Poor ventilation, insufficient light and rainy and humid seasons are more prone to disease.
严格来说,不同类型的螨虫感染所引起的症状略有不同。
Strictly speaking, the symptoms caused by different types of mite infection are slightly different.
1.痒螨主要寄生在病兔耳内,偶尔也可寄生在其他部位,例如病兔的皮肤皱着内。病兔因耳内奇痒无比而频频甩头,检查外耳道内可发现黄色痂皮和分泌物,若得不到及时有效的治疗任由病情发展则会蔓延至中耳、内耳,甚至诱发脑膜炎,病兔便会出现歪头、转圈及癫痫等症状。
1. Itch mite is mainly parasitized in the ear of sick rabbits, and occasionally can also parasitize in other parts, such as the wrinkled skin of sick rabbits. The sick rabbits frequently shake their heads because of the extremely itchy ears. Yellow scabs and secretions can be found in the external auditory canal. If the disease is not treated in a timely and effective manner, it will spread to the middle ear and the inner ear, and even induce meningitis. The sick rabbits will have symptoms such as head tilt, turning and epilepsy.
2.毛螨主要寄生在病兔背部和颈部的角质层,其症状表现一般多较为轻微,感染部位可出现皮屑、溢脂性病变、瘙痒及脱毛等。兔螨病的临床症状及防治方法
2. Hairy mites mainly parasitize on the stratum corneum of the back and neck of sick rabbits, and their symptoms are generally mild. Dandruff, seborrheic lesions, itching and depilation may occur at the infected sites. Clinical symptoms and prevention of rabbit acariasis
蒙阴长毛兔
3.疥螨一般先在病兔头部、脚掌等无毛或短毛部位寄生,可引起白色及灰黄色痂皮,然后再蔓延到其他部位,病兔患处会有强烈的痒感,因而用嘴频频啃咬患处,故而患处会出现脱毛、发炎、结痂、皮肤增厚及皲裂等,病兔采食量下降明显,若不能得到及时有效的治疗终会出现消瘦、贫血等症状,甚至死亡。
3. Scabies usually parasitize on the hairless or short hairy parts such as the head and foot of the sick rabbit, which can cause white and grayish yellow scabs, and then spread to other parts. The affected part of the sick rabbit will have a strong itching feeling, so it often bites the affected part with its mouth. Therefore, the affected part will appear depilation, inflammation, crusting, skin thickening and chapping, etc. the food intake of the sick rabbit decreases significantly. If it cannot be treated in a timely and effective manner, it will eventually appear emaciation, anemia and other symptoms, Even death.
4、兔螨病防治方法兔螨虫病的治疗可选择伊维菌素,这是目前预防和治疗本病有效的药物,用伊维菌素针剂按照说明用量给患兔皮下注射即可,可同时采用伊维菌素、敌百虫或双甲脒等药物按说明稀释后喷洒在患处。结合螨虫的发育周期,可在用药后7~10天再次用药一次,直至病兔痊愈为止。
4. Prevention and treatment of rabbit acariasis ivermectin can be selected for the treatment of rabbit acariasis, which is an effective drug for the prevention and treatment of this disease at present. Ivermectin Injection can be injected subcutaneously to the affected rabbits according to the dosage specified, and ivermectin, trichlorfon or dimetramidine and other drugs can be used at the same time to dilute and spray on the affected areas according to the instructions. In combination with the development cycle of mites, it can be used again 7-10 days after the treatment until the sick rabbits recover.
综上就是有关兔螨病的全部要点,基本上一些传播途径、症状都讲到了,如果你还想学习其它的直接关注我们网站留言打电话咨询都行!
To sum up, this is all the points about rabbit mite disease. Basically, some transmission routes and symptoms have been mentioned. If you want to learn other things, please directly follow our website Leave a message and call for advice!